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Industry 4.0 is here, it’s a game changer

27 Aug

A while back I was doing some research for an interview for a great testing role.

While researching the company and their competitors, I learned about Industry 4.0, the definition is…

Industry 4.0 is a name for the current trend of automation and data exchange in manufacturing technologies. It includes cyber-physical systems, the Internet of things, cloud computing and cognitive computing.

What interested me most about Industry 4.0 is something James Dyson said a few years ago, he said England needed more Engineers, the future will be driven by the Engineers, not the artists.

James says… “We constantly need more engineers.” dyson

 

Industrial evolution, so far has been…Industry_4.0

 

Industry 4.0 encompasses the following

  • Autonomous robots
  • Industrial internet
  • Additive manufactoring
  • Simulation
  • Cyber security
  • Augmented reality
  • Software integration
  • Cloud computing
  • Big data and analysis

 

The impact of Industry 4.0

Proponents of the term claim Industry 4.0 will affect many areas, most notably:

  1. Services and business models
  2. Reliability and continuous productivity
  3. IT security
  4. Machine safety
  5. Product lifecycles
  6. Industry value chain
  7. Workers’ education and skills
  8. Socio-economic factors

One of the companies I looked at DHL has automated a drone parcel delivery airport UPS are using virtual reality to train their drivers, DHL use Augmented reality for their stock pickers in the warehouses.

 

DHL automated drone delivery

This technology can give a company the ability to deliver services at a very low cost, enabling them dominate that industry, eliminating competitors VIA

  1. Super efficency
  2. Super low cost service

As of 2013 Maersk in Denmark had twenty Triple-E super ships, the most efficient ship in the world. These super ships guarantee no company can compete for any of their business.

It has never been as cheap as it currently is to ship anything anywhere, more history about shipping containers can be found here

Digitisation is a key part of the future for A.P. Moller – Maersk.

shipping

The Triple-E, super shipuntitled

Introducing Industry 4.0

The combination of technology that makes up Industry 4.0 changes how companies will do business and changes business models, a very exciting and challenging time to be in the IT industry.

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Mc Greggor and the IBM deep blue chess match

9 Jul

Gary Kasparov playing the IBM Deep blue computer in 1997
kasparov-in-chess

“In his book Chess Metaphors, Diego Rasskin-Gutman points out that:

A player looking eight moves ahead is already presented with as many possible games as there are stars in the galaxy.

Another staple, a variation of which is also used by Rasskin-Gutman, is to say:

There are more possible chess games than the number of atoms in the universe.

I was watching a video with Gary Kasparov last night, he had a few infamous chess games with the IBM deep blue computer  in 1997.

One of the interesting points he said was in preparing for the game was:

Since I was playing a computer, that no one had ever played before, I could not look at its previous games in competitions to see its logic and flow. It was a complete unknown as to what the outcome would be.

It would appear chess players develop a playing flow in their career, Kasparov would analyse moves he considered brilliant and two years later would consider those moves average.

IBM had all the data of Gary Kasparov’s games before the games, but he on the other had nothing on the program IBM developed. At the time he did not know what a disadvantage this would be to him as he could not prepare as he normally would.

Sun Tzu, The Art of War:

“If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles. If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat.

If you know neither the enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle.”

Which I thought was interesting, as a few days ago, I heard something similar in the buildup to the Mc Gregor V Mayweather boxing fight.

The biggest fight in history is coming up soon20

Colin Mc Gregor has never had a professional boxing fight, so there is no videos to analyse, Mayweather on the other hand has as forty-nine fights and lots of amateur fights, there is plenty of videos about his fighting style.

Mc Gregor said:

I knows every shot Mayweather has been hit with

And a few other things we know about Mc Gregor:

  • He is thirteen years younger
  • Has a longer reach
  • He hits harder
  • He likes to trash talk, and that key to sell big fights
  • His last fight, he trained with military precision

Mc Gregor’s trainer said this about his last fight:

“If I was to sum it up, there’s order to this training camp,” Kavanagh said during a recent appearance on ESPN’s Five Rounds podcast. “There’s no chaos. Everything is very disciplined, very military style. Beforehand, it was kind of done on Conor’s whim, how he felt on a certain day.

“This training camp has been based on cycles. Every day, we start at 1 p.m. sharp. In the evenings, we do cardio training. Everything is measured, nothing is left to ‘How you feeling?’ We have a performance doctor taking care of the performance side of things, I’m taking care of the fighting side of things, everybody is working together and nothing we’ve done before comes close to comparison for this one.”

 

The boxer Mayweather like Gary Kasparov the chess player, in that he doesn’t really know what he is coming up against

Gary’s talk at Google

 

One of the points Kasparov makes is:

“Weak human + machine + better process was superior to a strong computer alone and, more remarkably, superior to a strong human + machine + inferior process.”

You don’t have to have the pattern-recognition capabilities of a grandmaster to see that a dominant approach to achieving good results is becoming visible. This approach consists of teamwork among humans and computers, with each playing to its comparative strength. The good news for this team is that each partner is strong precisely where the other is weak, a happy situation known as Moravec’s paradox .

It’s fiendishly hard to give computers intuition, or to make people consistent and error-free. Luckily, we don’t have do. Environments as different as chess and medicine are showing us that the right approach is to let people exercise their intuition and creativity, supported and double-checked by their computer assistants as part of a well-designed process. This approach yields better outcomes than a purely automated one (which, in turn, does better than a purely human one, in chess and many other domains).

And I learned about Moravec’s paradox

It is comparatively easy to make computers exhibit adult level performance on intelligence tests or playing checkers, and difficult or impossible to give them the skills of a one-year-old when it comes to perception and mobility

 

After all the primary reason we have a brain is for the complex body movements

And the bad news is, you wont be seeing robot ballet any time soonballet-dancers

 

The message from Kasparov is simple…

Don’t fear intelligent machines. Work with them

 

P.s.

I think Mc Gregor’s process and data analysis is going to get him a win in August…

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